Child Labor in the United States through the Lens of Lewis Hine

Manuel, the young shrimp-picker, 5 years old

child labor usaManuel and a mountain of child-labor oyster shells behind him. He worked last year. Understands not a word of English. Dunbar, Lopez, Dukate Company. Location: Biloxi, Mississippi.

Francis Lance, 5 years old, 41 inches high. Sells regularly. St. Louis, Mo, May 1910

child labor usa

Anne, 7 years old, and brother Vincent said he was 11. Inez, a sister said 6 years old. Smallest one not quite large enough to work. Father works in Parker Mills. Parker Mills, Mass, September 1911

child labor usa

11-year-old at Crescent Hosiery Mill

child labor usaNannie Coleson, looper who said she was 11 years old, and has been working in the Crescent Hosiery Mill for some months. Makes about $3 a week. Has been through the 5th grade in school. She is bright, but unsophisticated. Told investigator, “There are other little girls in the mill too. One of them, says she’s 13, but she doesn’t look any older than me.” Location: Scotland Neck, North Carolina.

Two of the child workers, a raveler and a looper in London Hosiery Mills. London, Tenn, December 1910

child labor usa

Group of young cartoners in Seacoast Canning Co. Not the youngest. Eastport, Me, August 1911

child labor usa

Young Cigarmakers in Englahardt & Co., Tampa, Fla.

child labor usaThere boys looked under 14. Work was slack and youngsters were not being employed much. Labor told me in busy times many small boys and girls are employed. Youngsters all smoke. Location: Tampa, Florida.

A few of the young boys working on the night shift at the Alexandria Glass Factory. Alexandria, Va, June 1911

child labor usa

Adolescent Girl, a Spinner, in a Carolina Cotton Mill (1908)

child labor usa

Vance, a Trapper Boy, 15 years old

child labor usaHas trapped for several years in a West Va. Coal mine. $.75 a day for 10 hours work. All he does is to open and shut this door: most of the time he sits here idle, waiting for the cars to come. On account of the intense darkness in the mine, the hieroglyphics on the door were not visible until plate was developed. Location: West Virginia.