Čičmany is a small Slovakian folk village located in the hilly Žilina region of Slovakia. The village is famous for its timber buildings decorated with intricate traditional patterns. The history of the village dates back to the 13th century, however, the stylized patterns are a later tradition that began around 200 years ago when white limestone was being used to protect the timber against the sun rays, moisture, and cracking.
The first ornaments were made by the women of the village. First, they used mud but later switched to lime to preserve the damaged wood. The white paint on black timber was visually striking so people began to create elaborate geometrical and ethnographic designs. In 1921 a fire had almost destroyed the village therefore many buildings had to be restored. The Slovakian government helped with funding the restoration period of Čičmany to preserve it as an ethnographical exhibit. In the 1970s, the authorities wanted to place some concrete buildings but the people protested against it.