Here are some unique examples of Indonesian vernacular architecture.
Wae Rebo Village on Flores Island, Indonesia
Wae Rebo is a small secluded village founded a century ago on Flores Island. The village contains traditional thatched houses called Mbaru Niang. These conical houses have five floors, each with a specific purpose. The first floor called lutur or tent is the living quarter of the family. The second one is called lobo or attic, and it is used as storage for food and goods. The third floor called lentar contains seeds for the next harvest while the fourth floor called lempa rae contains food stocks in case of drought. Finally, the fifth and the most sacred floor called hekang kode is to present offerings for the ancestors.
Kete Kesu Village in Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Kete Kesu is the oldest village in Tana Toraja with a 400-year-old history. The traditional houses as well as the unusual grave placements make the village a living museum of Torajan culture. The traditional boat-shaped houses of the village are called Tongkonan, and they are actually a sign of status. That is, according to the original norms of the Torajan society, only the nobles could build a Tongkonan.
Umbu Ngedo Village on Sumba Island
The stilted houses with roof towers that can reach up to 30 meters are the highest traditional houses on Sumba Island. These traditional houses called Ratenggaro are symbols of social status as well as a sign of respect for the residents’ ancestors.