One day, a farmer on the island of Orkney in Scotland found a large stone that didn’t look like it belonged in its environment. When the farmer flipped over the stone, he got the surprise of a lifetime. Underneath the stone was Skara Brae, which is a hidden and lost city that existed as much as 5,000 years ago. The farmer thought it was a house at first because it looked rather small to be a city. But after showing people what he had found, the farmer soon realized that it was the lost city after all.
Orkney is an island with a very long history. It actually has one of the oldest British settlements to ever exist. Historians believe Skara Brae was an active city more than 5,000 years ago. If this is true, then that makes Skara Brae older than the Egyptian pyramids. Since most of Skara Brae got covered with sand dunes over the years, it was preserved nicely for thousands of years. When it was an active city, it is believed that it had about 50 to 100 people in it. That might not seem like a lot, but it sure is for a city back in those days when the population of people was much less.
The homes were not just shelter for the citizens of Skara Brae. The center of each home contained a waterproof basin that could have possibly been used to catch fish for eating.