Frost Flowers, Lakes/ Oceans
Ice crystals that are formed on lake ice in cold, calm conditions. A large ice air temperature difference is required for formation.
Form beneath sea ice when sub-zero saline water is introduced to an area of ocean water. The minerals fall to the bottom, freezing the surrounding water and forming brinicles.
A spinning column of air and water- waterspouts can be created by tornadoes that develop during thunderstorms.
Penitentes, High Altitudes
Tall and thin blades of snow or ice form at high altitudes, via sublimation, when the water goes straight from gas to solid state without becoming liquid.
Fire Whirls, Forests
When a tornado encounters a forest fire it can suck up the flames, resulting in the creation of an incredible fire whirl.
The Great Red Spot, Space
The Great Red Spot is a giant hurricane-esque storm the width of three Earth that has persisted on Jupiter for over 400 years.
Gliese 436b, Space
This planet is 30 light-years away from earth. Ice on its surface is forced to stay in solid form due to the immense gravity, despite the temperature being in excess of 400C
A Ninth Planet?, Space
Computer models have suggested that Jupiter’s gravity may have thrown a planet the size of Neptune out of our Solar System early on, leading to the order of planets we recognize today.
Synaesthesia is the phenomenon in which the stimulation of one sense elicits the involuntary sensation of another, for example auditory stimuli can elicit color sensation.
The phenomenon in which humans perceive a familiar pattern when there is none, for example seeing a face in the dark or a shape in the clouds!