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The Castle of Coca, Spain
The castle was constructed in the 15th century and has been considered to be one of the best examples of Spanish Mudejar brickwork which incorporates Moorish Muslim design and construction with Gothic architecture. It’s made up of two square baileys separated by a passageway.
Both show polygonal towers at the corners. Due to its great splendor, it was used more as a palace than as a fortress.
Castle Bitov, Czech Republic
Castle Bitov, located in the Czech Republic, is a magnificent historical monument that boasts a rich history and remarkable architectural features. Situated atop a rocky promontory overlooking the Dyje River, this picturesque castle is a popular tourist attraction and a testament to the country’s rich cultural heritage.
Architecturally, Castle Bitov is a blend of various styles, with its origins dating back to the 11th century. Over the centuries, it has undergone several renovations and additions, resulting in a diverse array of architectural elements. Here are some key details about its architecture:
Medieval Origins: The castle’s earliest construction dates back to the Romanesque period, with its initial purpose being a defensive fortress. It was gradually expanded and transformed into a Gothic-style castle in the 14th century.
Gothic Elements: The Gothic influence is evident in the pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and slender columns found throughout the castle. The Chapel of St. Nicholas is a prime example of Gothic architecture within the complex.
Renaissance Features: During the Renaissance period, Castle Bitov underwent extensive renovations. The most significant addition during this time was the central courtyard with arcades and a beautifully decorated well.
Baroque Enhancements: In the 17th century, the castle was further modified in the Baroque style. This period introduced ornate stucco decorations, frescoes, and a grand staircase, showcasing the opulence of the era.
Romantic Revival: In the 19th century, the castle underwent a Romantic Revival, with additions such as the landscaped English-style park and the reconstruction of the interiors to reflect the Romantic ideals of the time.
Castle Surroundings: The castle’s location is also noteworthy. It is surrounded by a charming village and set against the backdrop of the rolling Moravian countryside, making it a picturesque destination for visitors.
Today, Castle Bitov stands as a captivating blend of architectural styles, offering a glimpse into the evolution of Czech architecture over the centuries. Visitors can explore its various courtyards, chapels, and chambers, while also enjoying the breathtaking views of the Dyje River valley from its elevated position. It is a cultural gem that provides insight into the history and artistry of the Czech Republic.
Falak-ol-Aflak or Shapur Khast Castle
Falak-ol-Aflak is a castle situated on the top of a large hill with the same name within the city of Khorramabad, the regional capital of Lorestan province, Iran. This gigantic structure was built during the Sassanid era (224–651).
Falak-ol-Aflak castle is amongst the most important structures built during the Sassanid era. It has been known by a number of names since it was built over 1800 years ago. Under the Pahlavi dynasty, after being used as a prison until 1968, it was transformed into a museum complex.
Powis Castle, Welshpool, Powys, Wales
Burg Hochosterwitz, Carinthia, Austria
Hochosterwitz is an outstanding example of a medieval fortress and stronghold. What makes the castle appear so strong is the obviously well-suited position of the whole complex. The winding access is blocked by 14 fortified gates and opens up at the armoury yard in front of the main castle. The 14 gates are the landmark of the castle. Only their extremely clever and technically correct construction made the castle impregnable as the enemy had to conquer gate by gate but was attacked from all sides at the same time.
Krzyżtopór Castle, Poland
The castle of Krzyżtopór in Ujazd had a defensive character. Its construction that took 13 years was supervised by Italian architect Lawrence Senes, who also designed the project.