The Flying City conceptualized by Georgy Krutikov
Georgii Krutikov, who was a young Soviet architect, presented a thesis project which was so utopian for his time, but not for Soviet avant-garde architecture. Krutikov presented his project “The City of the Future” as his graduation thesis in 1928. It is telling that Krutikov called his project a quest. It was a quest for mobile architecture. Krutikov’s project was as much a child of its age as Tatlin’s machines and Khlebnikov’s city-plants. Just like these artists, Krutikov was fascinated by movement and flexibility.
From Jean-Louis Cohen’s The Future of Architecture since 1889 (2012):
‘Certain thesis projects still explored radical hypotheses for public buildings. Ivan Leonidov designed a Lenin Institute(1927) with a prophetic structure made of cables and futuristic electronic technology; Georgii Krutikov designed a Flying City(1928). After visiting the Vkhutemas in 1928, Le Corbusier described the school in his journal as an “extraordinary demonstration of the modern credo,” adding: “Here a new world is being rebuilt” out of a “mystique which gives rise to a pure technique.’
Krutikov proposed that the city would be suspended in the air by some kind of atomic energy—he’s a little iffy on the details—and people would travel from the surface to the airborne residential pods in a “cabin,” a kind of space capsule that was capable of traveling through the air, on the ground, and underwater. The cabin would be equipped with self-cleaning walls and furniture for one person, which would be able to change shape depending on whether the traveler was sitting or standing.