Nimes Arena: France’s Colosseum

One can probably say that Rome’s Colosseum has a sibling and it is in France. Nimes Arena is one of the biggest and most preserved Roman amphitheaters in the world. It was built just a short while after the Colosseum, therefore, the resemblance is quite uncanny.

nimes arena from above
Histoires de patrimoine

Nimes Arena was built around 100 BCE, although no record is quite certain. It is 133 meters long and 101 meters tall, making it one of the tallest Roman structures in the world as well. Out of the 400 official Roman amphitheaters, Nimes Arena ranks as the 20th largest.

nimes arena outside

Around 120 BCE, today’s Nimes belonged to a Gaulish tribe, in fact, it was their capital. The Gauls and the Romans had one of the most antagonistic relations in ancient history as they constantly went to battle and raided each other’s provinces. When the Romans conquered the area, they took over the capital and named it Nimes after a deity in Celtic mythology.

nimes arena walls

Shortly after conquering the Gaulish capital, Emperor Augustus quickly founded a Roman city there which began to prosper immediately. As the city gained more and more citizens, it became a necessity to give the crowd a place to entertain themselves and watch shows. The answer of the empire was Nimes Arena.

nimes arena interior walls

The arena could support up to 24,000 spectators who had 34 tiers of terraces to sit and enjoy the events which mainly consisted of gladiator fights and chariot racing. However, as the Roman empire grew weaker, the city of Nimes and its precious arena started to decline as well. During the civil war and the raids from other tribes, the amphitheater became a defensive fort in order to repel the invading forces.

nimes arena inside

Nimes Arena is famous for hosting annual bullfighting events during the Feria de Nîmes festival. To celebrate the history of bullfighting, there is a matador statue near the entrance of the amphitheater.

the matador outside the complex

After the Romans left Nimes, the city went under the control of the Count of Toulouse who wanted to increase the defense of the city. However, the real renovation of Nimes began with Francis I in the 16th century. Through his and the following rulers’ efforts, Nimes Arena returned to its former state and glory.

the complex interior
Sharrie Selkirk

Today, the arena is one of the most popular sites in France. Thousands of people visit Nimes Arena every year and the arena is also home to one of the biggest festivals in Europe as well. The arena hosts concerts as well, one of the most famous being a Depeche Mode concert in 2013.

the complex walls close up
César Guerra