Most Impressive Buildings of Byzantine Architecture

Byzantine architecture was an eclectic architectural style. Its combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length. Byzantine architecture dramatically influenced the later medieval architecture throughout Europe and the Near East and became the primary progenitor of the Renaissance and Ottoman architectural traditions that followed its collapse.

Hagia Sophia

As the most famous example of Byzantine architecture, Hagia Sophia, officially the Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque, is a mosque and an essential cultural and historical site in Istanbul, Turkey. Originally a Greek Orthodox church, the site has changed between being a mosque and a museum since the fall of the Byzantine Empire.

Byzantine architecture

Saint Mark’s Basilica

The Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark, commonly known as St Mark’s Basilica, is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Patriarchate of Venice; it became the episcopal seat of the Patriarch of Venice in 1807, replacing the earlier cathedral of San Pietro di Castello.

Byzantine architecture
Byzantine architecture

Hosios Loukas Holy Monastery

Hosios Loukas is a historic walled monastery situated near the town of Distomo, in Boeotia, Greece. It is one of the most important monuments of Middle Byzantine architecture and art.

Hosios Loukas
Hosios Loukas

Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern, or Cisterna Basilica, is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that lie beneath the city of Istanbul, Turkey. The cistern, located 150 meters (490 ft) southwest of the Hagia Sophia on the historical peninsula of Sarayburnu, was built in the 6th century during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.

Basilica Cistern
Basilica Cistern

Basilica of San Vitale

The Basilica of San Vitale is a late antique church in Ravenna, Italy. The 6th-century church is an important surviving example of early Christian Byzantine art and architecture.


Chora Church

The Chora Church or Chora Mosque, full former name the Church of the Holy Saviour in Chora, is a medieval Greek Orthodox church building, since 2020 used as a mosque, in the Edirnekapı neighborhood of Istanbul, Turkey. It is mainly famous for its outstanding Late Byzantine mosaics and frescos.