Colonial architecture describes work created during a period of colonization and often features a hybrid between the architecture of the colonizers and the architecture of the country where the work is built. Here is a list of some of the most impressive examples of colonial architecture in India.
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building on the Maidan in Central Kolkata, built between 1906 and 1921. It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria, Empress of India from 1876 to 1901.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
St. Paul’s Cathedral is a Church of North India cathedral of Anglican background in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, noted for its Gothic architecture and dedicated to Paul the Apostle. It is the seat of the Diocese of Calcutta. The cornerstone was laid in 1839; the building was completed in 1847.
The Writers’ Buildings, often shortened to just Writers’, is the official secretariat building of the state government of West Bengal in Kolkata, India. The 150-meter-long building covers the entire northern stretch of the iconic Lal Dighi pond at the center of historic B.B.D.
National Library of India
The National Library is located at Belvedere Road. Known for its rare collection of historical and other books, it happens to be one of the significant buildings, which features the styling of colonial architecture in India.
High Court of Bombay
The High Court of Bombay is the high court of the states of Maharashtra and Goa in India and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. It is seated primarily in Mumbai and is one of the oldest high courts in India.
Gateway of India
The Gateway of India is an arch-monument built in the early 20th century in the city of Bombay, India. It was erected to commemorate the landing of King-Emperor George V, the first British monarch to visit India, in December 1911 at Strand Road near Wellington Fountain.
The India Gate (formerly known as the All India War Memorial) is a war memorial located astride the Rajpath on the eastern edge of the “ceremonial axis” of New Delhi, formerly called duty path. It stands as a memorial to 84,000 soldiers of the British Indian Army who died between 1914 and 1921 in the First World War, in France, Flanders, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and elsewhere in the Near and the Far East, and the Third Anglo-Afghan War.
Parliament of India
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the president of India and two houses: the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India at the western end of Rajpath, Raisina Hill, New Delhi, India. Rashtrapati Bhavan may refer to only the 340-room main building that has the president’s official residence, including reception halls, guest rooms, and offices, also called the mansion.