Built between 1145 and 1194, Chartres Cathedral is an essential building in the history of Gothic architecture as it splendidly features all the characteristics of the Gothic style. So, it is possible to say that Chartres set the trend for Medieval architecture. It influenced the Cathedrals of Reims, Amiens, and Beauvais. Moreover, the cathedrals of Cologne in Germany, Westminister in England, and Leon in Spain imitated Chartres Cathedral.
Its unity of architecture and authentic decor of stained glass from the 12th and 13th century makes Notre Dame de Chartres one of the most complete and authentic landmarks.
The cathedral managed to come to this day almost intact. Together with the glorious 12th- 13th century stained glass ensemble, the sculptured decors, nave, and choir room of the cathedral also remain almost totally conserved. The cathedral was also an important site for pilgrimage in Europe as it was believed to house the Sancta Camisa (the tunic Mary wore during Christ’s birth).