The Ksar of Aït Benhaddou is a historic fortified village, also known as ighrem, located in the Quarzazate province of Morocco. The ksar is along the former caravan route between Sahara and Marrakesh. It greatly exemplifies Moroccan earthen clay architecture and is one of the most famous mud brick buildings around the world. The village has been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1987.
Located on the slopes of the Atlas Mountains, the site of Aït Benhaddou was fortified in the 11th century during the Almoravid period.
Although none of the current buildings are believed to date back before the 17th century, their construction techniques are similar to the traditional methods that were used for centuries in the area. The site protected its authenticity by continuing to use traditional materials like clay, adobe, and mud rather than concrete.