Impressive Examples of Africa’s Iconic Architecture

Here is a list of some of the most impressive examples of Africa’s most iconic architecture

Dakar Railway Station

Africa's iconic architecture
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Kasubi Tombs

The Kasubi Tombs in Kampala, Uganda, is the site of the burial grounds for four kabakas and other members of the Baganda royal family. As a result, the site remains an important spiritual and political site for the Ganda people, as well as an important example of traditional architecture.

Africa's iconic architecture
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Lideta Market

Africa's iconic architecture
Image Credit: Gonzalo Guajardo

Hikma Complex

Africa's iconic architecture
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Maropeng Visitor Centre

Modern visitor center for UNESCO-listed Cradle of Humankind, site of important fossil finds.

Africa's iconic architecture
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Pyramids of Meroë

The Pyramids of Meroë are part of the larger group of Nubian pyramids, built at the time of the Kushite Kingdom over a period close to a millennium. Near Meroë, three royal cemeteries were constructed: South Cemetery features nine royal pyramids. Four of the pyramids belonged to Kings and five belonged to queens.

Africa's iconic architecture
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Kenneth Dike Library

Kenneth Dike Library was founded in 1948 as part of the University of Ibadan academic community. It has over two million academic materials such as books, theses, and journals. The library was previously known as the Main Library and started with about 3600 volumes of book that was transferred from the library at Yaba Higher College.

Kenneth Dike Library
Image Credit: Iain Jackson

Fasil Ghebbi

The Fasil Ghebbi is a fortress located in Gondar, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. It was founded in the 17th century by Emperor Fasilides and was the home of Ethiopian emperors. Its unique architecture shows diverse influences including Nubian, Indian, Arab, and Baroque characteristics.

Fasil Ghebbi
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Dominican Chapel

Dominican Chapel
Image Credit: Architravel

Great Mosque of Porto-Novo

The Great Mosque of Porto-Novo is a mosque in Porto-Novo, Ouémé Department, Benin. The Afro-Brazilian architectural-style mosque was constructed resembling a chapel with a long central hall and shallow vaulted roof. The front facade is decorated with floral, vegetable, and scrolled stucco molding.

Great Mosque of Porto-Novo
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